Geneva International Airport (IATA: GVA, ICAO: LSGG), formerly known as Cointrin Airport and officially as Genève Aéroport, is an airport serving Geneva,
It is located 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of the city centre and has direct connections to motorways, bus lines (Geneva Public Transport) and railways
(SBB-CFF-FFS). Its northern limit runs along the Swiss–French border and the airport can be accessed from both countries. Passengers on flights to or from
France do not have to go through Swiss customs and immigration controls if they remain in the French sector of the airport. The freight operations are also
accessible from both countries, making Geneva a European Union freight hub although Switzerland is not a member of the EU. The airport is partially located
within the commune of Meyrin and partially in the commune of Grand-Saconnex
In 2012, the airport served 13,899,422 passengers and 192,944 aircraft movements.
Geneva airport has two passenger terminals, T1 and T2. T1, also known as Main terminal (M) is divided into 5 piers, A, B, C, D and F. Pier A, and some of the
gates at pier D are Schengen gates. Passengers that board flights at those gates are not subject to passport checks. Gates at pier B, C, and some at pier D,
are used for flights leaving the Schengen area. Pier C is used mostly for widebody aircraft.
Pier F, also known as the French Sector, is used exclusively for passengers arriving from, or departing to French destinations. It has two gates with jet
bridges and four bus gates. The French Sector exists as a stipulation of an agreement between France and the Canton of Geneva dating from the 1960s.
This sector enables travel between the neighboring French region of the Pays de Gex and the airport, avoiding Swiss territory and customs.